The principal regulatory agency for environment is the Zambia Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA)

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

  • Depending on industrial and commercial project’s characteristics, investors may have to submit an environmental report —Environmental Impact Statement or Environmental Project Brief— for approval to the Zambia Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA).
  • Starting the implementation of a project without conducting an environmental impact assessment constitutes an offence (fine up to K210, 000 and/or 5 years imprisonment).  

Required environmental report according to project’s characteristics

Type of project Required report Guideline
Huge project with high environmental impact Environmental Impact Statement
Projects with minimal environmental impact Environmental Project Brief
  • The report has to follow Environmental Protection and Pollution Control (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations (1997) and must be prepared by a local environmental impact assessment expert.

Environmental related licenses

  • Before starting production, businesses that carry out environmentally regulated activities have to apply for and get licenses from ZEMA.
  • The list of licenses required under the Environmental Management (Licensing) Regulations (2013) is displayed below
Regulated activity License name
Air and water pollution Emission licence
Hazardous waste Hazardous waste licence
Ozone depleting substances Ozone depleting substance licence
Pesticides and toxic substances Pesticides and toxic substance licence
Waste management Waste management licence